As an AI language model, I cannot conclude and say who exactly invented running as there is no monarch or person in history who has been credited with inventing the activity of running. However, through research and analysis of available information on the topic, we can attempt to provide a detailed historical account of the evolution of human locomotion and how running became a common means of transportation.

Humans have been on this planet for over 2 million years. The first humans did not walk upright but instead moved around on all fours like other primates. As they continued to evolve, they began standing upright and walking on two feet using their legs as extensions to balance themselves while also freeing up their hands for other activities.

Archaeological findings reveal that early humans used different types of movement such as jumping, hopping or galloping which helped them overcome obstacles in their way and escape from predators. However, it was only during hunting that humans made use of what could be considered as running; chasing prey until exhausted then killing them at close range.

Evidence shows that Homo erectus (1-2 million years ago) were bipedal runners while still retaining some primitive features like having smaller brains than modern man . This suggests the possibility that early hominids ran more out of necessity rather than pleasure – perhaps due to predation concerns or survival factors.

With time came innovation: tools were developed, communication increased general brain development soared leading to more sophisticated thinking processes which culminated into intelligence beyond basic instincts like those observed earlier among our ancestors reducing reliance upon sheer physicality in situations where resilience couldn’t suffice by engaging with newer techniques such as better weaponry including throwing sticks rocks spears bows arrows etc .

Running itself wasn’t “discovered” so much as it naturally evolved from walking once certain advanced physiological traits had emerged.

Our earliest ancestors might’ve run for brief periods just before sprinting at critical moments when avoiding predators demanding escape plans stood greater chance of their survival. But it wasn’t until later that running became more recreational as humans began to experience new benefits.

One key advantage of running regularly includes improving cardiorespiratory fitness leading to increased endurance and general health, better metabolism, bone density among others. In modern times today people run for many reasons ranging from exercise to sport competition and even enjoyment.

All throughout recorded history running has played an important role in human society. Running was used as a means of transmitting messages over long distances by runners delivering important information across lands for years before the advent of telegraph or phone lines.

In ancient Greece marathons were used during wartime – messengers would carry vital strategic orders along this 26-mile course made famous so popularly since the origin story emerged linking skilled Olympian runner Pheidippides who ran this distance down from Marathon to Athens with news of victory in battle at Marathon which dating back around 2,500 years ago held immense significance for cause and country alike .

The first Olympic Games also featured athletic events including races dating back almost three thousand years where competitors measured speed As evidence shows all societies have engaged in some form or variation involving physical activity resembling movement on foot which included different forms such as walking , jogging sprinting but always involving swift movement forward .

In conclusion, while there is no single person credited with inventing running we can determine that early humans were essentially born to run out at necessity due predation concerns coupled with maintaining optimal survival rates when faced against tough challenges . Over time innovation sharpened their agility coordination allowing more efficient methods when they went hunting or fleeing threats either natural like wild animals predators or manmade enemies advancing gradually into modern era utilizing available technology advances without losing touch overall sense closeness between body-mind relationship achieved through physical exercises still practiced today across cultures worldwide!
As an AI language model, I cannot conclusively state who invented running, but through analysis of available information, it is possible to provide a historical account of its evolution. Human locomotion has undergone significant changes over the course of 2 million years as humans have evolved from quadrupeds to bipedal runners.

Early evidence suggests that primitive human beings used various forms of movement such as jumping and hopping in response to obstacles and predatory threats. As they continued to evolve and develop their cognitive abilities, running became a means of survival when hunting prey or escaping predators.

The earliest bipedal runners were Homo erectus who had smaller brains than modern homo sapiens. With time came innovation leading to improved weaponry which reduced dependency on sheer physical resilience during times where it could not suffice thus paving the way for smarter thinking processes practiced among our ancestors throughout history long before telegraph or phone lines utilizing swift messages carried out at necessity often with precision training been provided for generations like Olympic athletes participate today differentiating them from just regular foot soldiers tasked with same mission expanding distance coverage significantly till modern era.

Running was also adopted by ancient societies as a means of transmitting important messages across long distances during wartime when communication technology did not exist. In Ancient Greece, marathons were created whereby messengers would deliver strategic orders along a 26-mile route linking the battlefield at Marathon with Athens marking momentous victory demands rewarding brave sacrifices made centuries ago.

Today people engage in running for various reasons ranging from exercise, competition, general health benefits including reducing risk factors affiliated cancers against obesity diabetes among other medical conditions improving mental clarity being physically active promotes positive psychological effects lowering risks heart disease strokes etc .

In conclusion, while there is no monarch or individual credited with inventing running we can determine that early humans engaged in what we now call “running” primarily out of survival concerns – fleeing predators and hunting prey – until evolving biological abilities resulted in increased aerobic fitness capabilities coupled with increased technological innovations leading to improved weaponry which reduced dependency on sheer physical resilience paving paths for smarter thinking processes allowing us to thrive and flourish until now. Running has played an important role throughout history with its significance demonstrated through the use of marathons dating back millennia ago, among other societies across cultures worldwide today.”””