Linear perspective is the art and science of portraying three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface. The technique was first developed in the Renaissance era and quickly became the cornerstone of Western artistic tradition. Linear perspective allows artists to create paintings that closely resemble reality, thereby making them more convincing and engaging for viewers.

The origins of linear perspective can be traced back to early classical civilizations such as Greece, Rome, and Egypt which used rudimentary forms of it in their architectural structures but did not use it extensively in art. As time progressed, however, linear perspective evolved into an intricate system that requires advanced mathematics knowledge to achieve high levels of accuracy.

It is widely debated who invented linear perspective since its development was gradual over several centuries. Scholars believe at least four sources were crucial for introducing this technology- An optical base from Arab Science; Greek Geometry; Renaissance Painting and Visual Systems theory.

One key figure recognized by historians as having made significant contributions towards developing linear perspective is Brunelleschi (1377-1446), dubbed “father” or “inventor”of one-point or central-linear-perspective by many scholars.

Brunelleschi experimented with mirrors at different angles through which he captured buildings’ isolated parts to construct exact models subsequent creation of accurately constructed architecture like no others before him.

Some scholars argue against considering Brunelleschi the inventor of perspectives because certain ideas already existed among medieval painters inspired by ancient Romans’ techniques in depicting depth intuitively without being fully aware they did so through optic tricks similarly adopted by Brunelleschi; also relevant are experiments involving other methods explored during his time including atmospheric effects creating distant horizon lines within landscapes produced unique differentiation from previous works demonstrated immense skill when applying these effects on canvases thereby consolidating his recognition as a pioneer artist experimenting with new ways in painting;

Others dispute Brunelleschi’s claim arguing that while his work played a critical role mediating between visual representation systems scientific studies developing sixteenth-century school perspectivists consolidating and extending his ideas, he did not invent perspective. Instead, they credit others for contributing to the development of linear perspective.

One such scientist is Alhazen (965–circa 1040), a Muslim physicist who wrote extensively about optics in his book ‘The Book of Optics’. Among other contributions to the knowledge of vision workings in replications He applied mathematical theories exploring how light interacts with objects from different positions thereby formulating optical and geometric discoveries leading up fundamental laws governing perspectives.

As an early Persian philosopher experimenting with light experiments using various materials like water and glass lenses producing observations reflection refraction phenomena was essential to studying geometrical shapes attributable directly responsible for advancing our understanding about linear perspectives providing new ways we can approach subjects optically until full incorporation into artistic representations

Another scholar who contributed significantly towards developing linear perspective is Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472). Alberti was a noted polymath known largely as a painter, architect also favored philosophy embracing art through detailed explanations concerning mathematics necessary execute painters creating accurate drawings conveying the illusion three-dimensional representation planar surfaces;

Alberti’s accomplishments extend beyond Just organizational practical applications; issuing revisions regarding visual examples executed by earlier artists pinpointed instances perceived irregularities human eyesight correcting misaligned lines Other innovations included sophisticated grids derived from vanishing points allowing communicating space depth thus reflecting Renaissance Humanism claiming this newfound technique achieved natural perfection resembling actual reality; never before accomplished at any point beforehand Either during Mediaeval or Antique eras

A document released under the name “Book on Painting,” published after Brunelleschi’s death, which argues that another Florentine artist named Masaccio should be credited with inventing linear perspective since experimentation and pushing boundaries methods resulted in significant developments painting. Ultimately challenging existing limits making way improved accuracy realistic depictions succeeded following years allowed him established international recognition later influencing many famous artists’ techniques even today. Theories related these experiments recognized contributing substantially advances in overall achievement contemporary art forms.

The development of linear perspective is undoubtedly the result of a long-term collaboration between artists, scientists and mathematicians. Although each had unique contributions that distinctively advance our understanding of perspectives on different levels offering extensive interdisciplinary insights into mechanics behind visual arts perceptions concerning both aesthetics sciences mathematical principles apply these; it is exceptionally difficult to attribute genius single person responsible for such an essential element in human civilization’s Artistic and Technical advancement.

In conclusion, Who invented Linear Perspective remains open to interpretation with multiple scholars having claimed recognition over time. However, This acknowledgment should not be viewed as necessarily detracting from their respective accomplishments whenever discovered It truly indicates the monumental scale progress achieved during Renaissance times building upon ancient civilizations’ groundwork which allowed humanity envision new ways portraying nature using innovative techniques created remarkable depth field naturalistic comprehensive displays artistry still admired today by admirers worldwide.