Romanticism and Realism are two major literary movements that emerged in the 19th century. Romantic writers, who were largely influenced by the ideals of individualism and emotion, believed in the beauty of nature, adventure, and exoticism. They glorified imagination over reason and idealized love over practicality. On the other hand, Realist writers rejected these romantic ideals and instead focused on portraying everyday life as it was.

Realist writers disapproved of several aspects of Romantic writing such as their portrayal of emotions, unrealistic plotlines, and excessive use of exaggeration. In this article, we will discuss each aspect separately.


In Romantic writing, emotions reign supreme and are often portrayed to be intense to borderline melodramatic. Characters typically fall deeply in love with one another after just a brief encounter or show irrational behavior due to strong feelings such as jealousy or revenge.

Realists viewed this overly emotional focus with skepticism as they felt that it didn’t reflect how people actually behave in real life. According to them relationships take time to develop rather than form instantly through sheer force-of-will as seen in many romantic tales.

Furthermore, realistic stories often depicted struggles with grief stoically on behalf of character –as opposed to nuanced displays– where characters would seemingly be irreparably damaged for prolonged periods should they lose someone important until often times eventually but not always successfully moving past their grief.. It’s likely because realists adhered more closely with apparent realism thus showing characters dealing/dealt instead staggering emotionally until conveniently forgetting about crushing loss forevermore is thought fake.

Unrealistic Plotlines

Unrealistic Plotlines

Realists disapproved the grandiose plotlines commonly found in romantic works; especially those which contained improbable coincidences saved from narrative death by implausibility alone!

They also criticized lavishly happy endings emerging almost surprisingly even from disastrous situations (Remember Mr Bingley coming back for Jane no less!!). The premise behind conflict was usually effective storytelling but realists felt strife had to be feasible if the resolution expected further immersion.

Realism tends to focus on logical consequences rather than random happenstances and is suspicious of grand schemes or deus ex machine resolutions. Realists believed in portraying stories naturally, without embellishments through imagination/dreams that relies solely on a plausible REAL/ACTUAL world.



Romantic writers often indulged exaggerations using hyperbole and other poetic techniques raising story stakes almost bombastically for sake of making rhetorical statements about the beauty of romance in a not all too unfounded way. This made characters appear larger-than-life both literally like Porthos from Three Musketeers and figuratively by claiming an individual’s deeds were extraordinary –mostly because they achieved impossible feats such as overcoming unbearable odds with incredible ease– which however thrilled their audience at the time quite effectively.

This style clash remained contentious issue between Romanticism and Realism movement since naturalism/authenticity leads to relatively mundane everyday experiences/hurdles while romantic writing found merit in aspirational depictions– audiences saw what could be achieved instead seeing exactly what was authentically happening around them.

In conclusion, Realist writers disapproved of various aspects within Romantic writing -displaying illogical emotions charted within overwhelmingly absurd plots orchestrated far more than is even remotely possible- though its undeniable enough significant number of people genuinely enjoy these very narrations today. The two literary movements offer drastically distinctive approaches despite originating only some decades apart which greatly contributed to Western literature over past few centuries pushing genres ever forward mainly through reasoned internal structure versus idealized transfigured drama we likely see frequently portrayed today still!
The 19th century was a time of great literary movements that significantly impacted literature as we know it today. Among these were Romanticism and Realism, two major literary movements with contrasting ideals. While Romantic writers favored individualism and emotion, Realists chose to depict everyday life as it was. This article will explore the different aspects of Romanticism and Realism that made them distinctive from each other.


Romantic writers believed in portraying intense emotions through their characters’ experiences. They glorified love above practicality and reason, often creating stories where romance trumps everything else which leads to glorious victories against impossible odds! Many readers enjoyed this kind of storytelling despite recognizing such hyperbolic nature since audience empathized with the underlying emotional attachment between key players on dramatic stage performing heroics when necessary backed by sheer force-of-will alone unaffected by realities around them!

Realist writing rejected this emphasis on emotional drama altogether instead choosing portray true-to-life relationships taking time to develop rather than forming instantly .They felt showing mourning about lost loved ones involved deeper internal conflicts requiring more nuanced depictions rather than exaggerated displays for easy consumption distracting reader/viewer spectacle not likely occurring during actual grief process (at least initially).

Unrealistic Plotlines

One criticism leveled at romantic works is their tendency towards improbable coincidences providing salvation even before tense situations spiral out control.. Characters may easily overcome seemingly insurmountable obstacles simply because author thought situation absurd enough surrendering realism Incompetence heightened experience as opposed reality thereby erasing immersion needed truly appreciate desired outcome.

On other hand, realism tends towards logical consequences depicting outcomes unlikely at first sight yet feasible upon closer inspection happens due to sensible/credible choices accurate portrayal actions taken by fictional character(s). The use too many gimmicks heightens risk losing credibility otherwise achieved if kept story understated without unfounded drama every corner unilaterally demanding attention.


Hyperbole remained one way authors of Romanticism portrayed characters in larger-than-life ways usually regarding personality traits odd actions taken by them for unnecessarily grandiose effect. This style remained an effective tool when used ingeniously so that examples of incredible heroics kept audience engaged within ever-widening narrative culminations.

However, this tone clashed with the preferred Realist aesthetic as it did away with the natural/ordinary and concentrated more on creating drama from otherwise mundane circumstances/hurdles. To these authors crafting more substantial story offered enough appeal without resorting to overly bombastic tale-spinning, which didn’t reflect everyday life making such romantic work seem fantastical beyond any realm seen before today’s mass media adaptations of fantasy novels and comics alike!


In conclusion, Romantic writing relied predominantly on over-the-top emotional portrayals while focusing on witless turns-of-fate/surreal coincidences to provide a climatic moment in their stories. The aesthetic was very different compared to what was ubiquitous then as ‘Realism’. Realism required honest portrayal events capturing mundanity accurately through words with care or better yet enriched & sometimes embellished naturally following narrative arcs created during careful observations.

Despite divergent approaches, both literary movements shaped literature significantly taking audiences on distinct journeys full of thrills along opposed philosophies albeit rather differentically; winning hearts/making its mark forevermore in Western literature primarily due genre specific characteristics appreciated over time by critical readership/community affecting works created up until recent times!